Present Tense- Thì Hiện Tại mang nghĩa tương lai

Thì Hiện Tại Mang Nghĩa Tương Lai

a) Thì Present Continuous mang nghĩa tương lai.

Hãy xem ví dụ sau:

Present Tense- Thì hiện tại mang nghĩa tương lai Đây là nhật ký của Tom tuần tới.

He is playing tennis on Monday afternoon.

He is going to the dentist on Tuesday morning.

He is having dinner with Ann on Friday.

Trong tất cả các ví dụ này, tom đã quyết định xong và đã sắp xếp để thực hiện những việc đó.

Khi bạn đang nói về những việc mà bạn đã sắp xếp để thwucj hiện, bạn dùng thì hiện tại tiếp diễn (present continuous)- không dùng thì hiện tại đơn (simple present).

  • A: What are you doing tomorrow evening?
  • B: I’m going to the theatre.
  • A: Are you playing football tomorrow?
  • B: Yes, but Tom isn’t playing. He has hurt his leg.
  • A: Ann is coming tomorrow.
  • B: Oh, is she? What time is she arriving?
  • A: At 10.15
  • B: Are you meeting her at the station?
  • A: I can’t. I’m working tomorrow evening.

Cũng có thể dùng going to (do) trong các câu sau:

  • What are you going to do tomorrow evening?
  • Tom is going to play tennis on Monday afternoon.

Nhưng thì Present Continuous thường tự nhiên hơn khi bạn đang nói về những sự việc đã được sắp xếp. (Xem thêm bài 5). Không dùng will để nói về những việc mà bạn đã thu xếp để thực hiện.

  • What are you doing this evening?
  • Alex is getting married next month.

b) Thì Simple Present (Hiện tại đơn) mang nghĩa tương lại:

Chúng ta dùng thì Hiện tại đơn khi nói về thời khóa biểu, chương trình… (ví dụ như đối với việc vận chuyển công cộng, xem phim).

  • What time does the film begin?
  • The train leaves Plymouth at 10.30 and arrives in London at 13.45
  • The football match starts at 8 o’clock.
  • Tomorrow is Wednesday.

Nhưng thường thì chúng ta không dùng Simple Present cho những việc đã được thu xếp mang tính chất cá nhân:

  • What time are you meeting Ann?

BÀI TẬP LUYỆN TẬP

4.1 A friend of yours is planning to go on holiday very soon. You ask him about his plans. Use the words in brackets to make your questions.

Example: (where/ go?) Where are you going.?

  1. (how long/ stay?) _____________________________
  2. (when/ leave?) _____________________________
  3. (go/ alone?) _____________________________
  4. (go/ by car?) _____________________________
  5. (where/ stay?) _____________________________

4.2 Ann is going on holiday. You have to write sentences about her holiday plans. Use the words in brackets to write your sentences

Example: (go/ Scottland) She is going to Scottland.

  1. (leave/ next Friday) She _____________________________
  2. (stay/ in Scottland for two weeks) _____________________________
  3. (go/ with a friend of hers) _____________________________
  4. (stay/ in a hotel) They _____________________________
  5. (go/ by train) _____________________________

4.3 Tom wants you to visit him but you are very busy. Look at your diary for the next few days and explain to him why you can’t come.

Tom: Can you come on Monday evening?

You: Sorry, I’d love to but I’m playing volleyball.

Tom: What about Tuesday evening then?

You: I can’t I’m afraid. I (1) _____________________________

Tom: Well, what are you doing on Wednesday evening?

You: (2) _____________________________

Tom: I see. Well, are you free on Thursday evening?

You: I’m afraid not (3) _____________________________

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4.4 Put the verb into the most suitable form, present continuous (I am doing) or present simple (I do)

Example: We are going (go) to the theatre this evening.

Does the film begin (the film/ begin) at 3.30 or 4.30?

  1. We _________ (have) a party next Saturday. Would you like to come?
  2. I _________ (not/ go) away for my holidays next month because I haven’t got enough money _________ (you/ go) away?
  3. The concert this evening _________ (start) at 7.30.
  4. George, is it true that you _________ (get) married next week?
  5. The art exhibition _________ (open) on 3 May and _________ (finish) on 15 July.
  6. What time _________ (the next train/ leave)?
  7. Ann, we _________ (go) to town _________ (you/ come) with us?

Trả lời

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